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What should I do if I receive a complaint?

Many doctors, at some stage in their career, will receive a complaint from the MCHK. A patient can be unhappy with the level of care they have received for a near–infinite number of reasons. Whatever the complaint, these practical tips explain what you should do next

Receiving a complaint can be stressful. It can knock your confidence. Remember, though, that many doctors do receive a complaint at some stage. It is not necessarily an indication of poor clinical performance. Handling a complaint requires time and commitment during a period when you might be feeling at your most vulnerable. Getting it right can pay huge dividends. It also marks you out as a true professional.

“The first thing to do is keep calm – though easier said than done, try not to panic,” says Head of Medical Services (Asia) Dr Ming-Keng Teoh. “It’s important to understand exactly what the patient is complaining about. Is it your attitude, your diagnosis, a clinical error, or something else? If the MCHK has written you a letter, read it twice – you won’t have digested all of its content during your initial reading.”

Once you understand what the complaint is, you need to work out how to respond to it. “The next thing you should do is contact MPS as soon as possible,” advises Dr Teoh. “Our medicolegal advisers are able to provide you with support and help you formulate a response to the complaint.”

A written response

At some stage during the course of dealing with a complaint, it is likely that you will need to send a written response, either in reply to a letter of complaint, or following a meeting with the complainant. MPS can provide specific assistance and support with this for your individual complaint. In general, when composing your letter you should take into account the following: 

  • Identify the concerns that have been raised and respond to all parts of the complaint. It is often helpful to set out an account of what took place, even if this is background information, but do not lose sight of the issues. 
  • The purpose of your response should be to try and resolve the complaint, not to perpetuate correspondence. Be courteous, objective and professional. 
  • Establish the facts before attempting to provide a full response to a complaint. Take time to present a measured, considered and considerate response, bearing in mind the timescales. Try to review your records before you draft your letter. Likewise, if you will be making reference to any other individual whose comments are required, obtain those comments wherever possible.
  • Be aware of patient confidentiality. Not all complaints are made by the patient personally. Where a complaint is made about the service provided to a patient who has the capacity to give a valid consent, that patient’s confidence must be respected.
  • Try to be sympathetic and understanding. Offer condolences if these are due. Do not be afraid of apologising if an error has been made.
  • Avoid blaming or judging others.
  • Avoid jargon – use plain language.
  • Your response should be typed, so that it is clearly legible.

If the MCHK decide to take forward a complaint about your conduct, the Preliminary Investigation Committee (PIC) will meet and review all the papers including medical records, and medical reports on the case. These will include the patient’s complaint and your response letter. After considering the evidence the Committee can do one of the following:

  • Decide the case should have a public hearing before the Medical Council
  • Send you a letter of advice
  • Refer the case for investigation of the doctor’s health
  • Decide no further action should be taken.

If the PIC recommends an inquiry, the case will go before the Medical Council, who will decide whether the complaint has been proved. The MCHK can take action if they find you guilty of ‘professional misconduct’.

Case report – what not to do

Dr L was working in a rural area. He received a letter from the MCHK regarding a complaint from a patient, Ms D. Dr L was infuriated. The complaint related to a minor clinical oversight which had had no clinical effect on Ms D. Dr L felt that the complainant was suggesting he had completely missed an obvious diagnosis and was not competent to practise as a result.

He felt that the complaint was defamatory and immediately wrote a curt letter of response, rebutting the allegations and outlining his concerns that they had been raised in the first place. He then contacted MPS and informed the medicolegal adviser that although he had received a spurious complaint, he had dealt with it. Dr L also requested assistance in suing Ms D for defamation.

Learning points 

  • However spurious or frivolous a complaint may seem, all complaints should be investigated and responded to appropriately. If a patient makes a complaint, the MCHK is duty-bound to investigate it.
  • If you are the subject of a complaint, take a moment to stop and think before responding. A well-thought-out letter of response is far more likely to be successful than an intemperate one, which will only serve to make matters worse.
  • It would have been preferable if Dr L contacted MPS before responding to the complaint, as MPS would have written a letter of response on Dr L’s behalf, through one of our panel law firms. MPS is unlikely to assist members in suing for defamation in response to a complaint made by a patient.

You can contact MPS in a number of ways:

To protect patient confidentiality, please do not include information in a medicolegal contact form, email or fax that would allow a patient to be identified.

This article was last updated in March 2014.

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