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References

  1. HPCSA, Seeking Patients’ Informed Consent: The Ethical Considerations, second edition (May 2007), para 3.1.4.
  2. HPCSA, Guidelines for the Withholding and Withdrawing of Treatment, second edition (2007), para 2.6.
  3. HPCSA, Guidelines for the Withholding and Withdrawing of Treatment, second edition (2007), para 3.
  4. HPCSA, Guidelines for the Withholding and Withdrawing of Treatment, second edition (2007), para 2.7.
  5. HPCSA, Guidelines for the Withholding and Withdrawing of Treatment, second edition (2007), para 8.2.1.
  6. HPCSA, Guidelines for the Withholding and Withdrawing of Treatment, second edition (2007), paras 2.1 and 2.3.
  7. Constitution of the Republic of South Africa 1996, section 14(d).
  8. National Health Act 2003, section 14(1).
  9. MPS, MPS Guide to Ethics: A Map for the Moral Maze (2011), p 18.
  10. World Health Organisation, Patient Safety Information Note 1, p 5
  11. Jha, AK, Duncan, BW, Bates, DW, “Fatigue, Sleepiness, and Medical Errors” in Making Healthcare Safer: A Critical Analysis of Patient Safety Practices, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (2001).
  12. Health and Safety Executive, Hints and Tips for Shift-Workers.
  13. WHO Collaborating Centre for Patient Safety Solutions, Communication During Patient Hand-Overs, Patient Safety Solutions, vol. 1: solution 3 (May 2007).
  14. NICE, Medicines Adherence: Quick Reference Guide (January 2009).
  15. Marvel MK, Epstein RM, Flowers K et al Soliciting the patient’s agenda, JAMA 281 (3): 283-7 (1999).
  16. Ibid, p 286.
  17. Ibid
  18. Ibid